Assessable Value & CIF Value Calculation For Customs

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As an importer, you must aware of the Assessable value, CIF value, and other value calculations.

Therefore why here I covered everything you need to know.

Carefully check the calculation provided in this article, If you have any queries please ask in the comment box.

Hello, friends welcome to another fresh article of “IndianCustoms.Info”. This article explains how to calculate the Assessable value, IGST Value, customs duty, and Landed value.

Once when I search on google to know the latest method to calculate AV. I did not find any updated calculation method.

After checking lots of sites, I came to know that all the sites providing an old method of calculating the assessable value.

Wasting lots of time on the internet I find that On 26th September 2017, the calculation method of AV was changed.

But still, none of the sites updates the new method of assessable value calculation. So, I decided to explain the new method of AV calculation on this blog.

I’m sure that this article will solve all your queries regarding the Assessable value, CIF value, IGST Value, customs duty, and Landed value calculation, etc…

This article contains all the methods of calculating values covered under import customs clearance.

If you think anything is missing or you are confused about any method please ask your queries in the comment box.

Also Check:- Best Import Documentation Course [Basics To Advance]

How To Calculate Assessable Value

Assessable Value Calculation For Customs.

Before calculating assessable value you to understand the Incoterms of your shipment.

In customs, an assessable value is calculated for the calculation of customs duty.

Assessable value = Cost + Insurance + Freight+ Handling charges. to calculate the AV, You need to calculate the CIF value.

As per Circular 39/2017-Customs, The CIF value and Assessable value are the same.

(CIF) value is the actual value of the goods when they are shipped. As duties are calculated based on the CIF value, they must be calculated correctly.

To find CIF value, the freight and insurance costs are to be added. 20% of the FOB value is taken as freight. It Means Rs.1000.00. Insurance is calculated as 1.125% – Rs.11.25.

  • Invoice Value = Rs.1000/-
  • Insurance Value = Rs. 11.25/-
  • Freight Value = Rs.200/-

Rs.1000 (Invoice Value) + Rs. 11.25 (Insurance Value) + Rs.200 (Freight Value) = Rs.1211.25/- (CIF value)

CIF value = Rs.1211.25/- (Assessable Value)

Note:- The above calculation is for FOB & Ex-Work shipments.

If you want to know the AV calculation method in Hindi you can also watch the below video or continue the read article.

In the above video, I had explained how you can calculate the AV by using our Import Duty Calculator.

By using our Import duty calculator you can easily calculate the IGST Value, customs duty, Landed value, etc.

Also Read:- Freight Forwarder Importance In International Trade.

How To Calculate Customs Duty

Import Customs Duty Calculation.

Customs duty is calculated based on AV. Here below I had explained the complete calculation process.

Before start, you need to under what is the total customs duty and what is included in the total customs duty.

In normal import Customs duty is the total of BCS, SWS & IGST.

  • BCD – Basic customs Duty
  • SWS – Social Welfare Surcharge
  • IGST – Integrated Goods and Services Tax

If BCD (Basic Duty) is 10%, SWS (Social welfare surcharge) is 10%, and IGST is 18%

BCD:- Rs.1211.25/- (AV) x 10% = RS.121.125/- (Basic Duty).

SWS:- Rs.121.125 (Basic Duty) x 10% = Rs.12.1125/- (Social welfare surcharge)

IGST:- [Rs.1211.25 (AV) + Rs.121.125 (BCD) + Rs.12.1125/- (SWS)] x 18% = Rs.242.00775/- (IGST Amount)

Total Customs duty (Excluding IGST amount) = Rs.133.2375/-

Total Customs duty (Including IGST amount) = Rs.375.24525/-

You can also use our Import Duty calculator to calculate this value.

Also Read:- Faceless Assessment: Reality & Importance.

Calculation Of IGST Assessable Value.

IGST assessable value calculation is very simple.

To calculate IGST AV you need to add Assessable Value + Basic Customs Duty + Social Welfare Charges.

For Example:-

IGST value Calculation :- Rs.1211.25 (AV) + Rs.121.125 (BCD) + Rs.12.1125/- (SWS) = Rs.1344.4875/- (IGST Value)

Landed Value Calcualtion Of Customs.

If you have already calculated the AV and BCD, then Landed value calculation is very easy for you.

To calculate the Landed value, add the Assessable value (AV) and basic customs duty (BCD).

For Example:-

Assessable value (AV) = Rs.1211.25/- + Basic Customs Duty (BCD) = RS.121.125/-

Landed Value = 1,332.375 (LV)

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I hope now you understand the new method of AV calculation for import customs duty in India. Comment below if anyone has any suggestions or queries regarding the Assessable Value, IGST Value, and Customs duty calculation.

This Post Has 33 Comments

  1. Bandarkiu Online

    What is the scope of change in assessable value calculation in the future.

    1. admin

      Assessable value calculation may change in the future but no guarantee for the same.

      If there are any changes happen in the coming future I will update the same in this article.

      Thanks & Regards

  2. Kiran kumar

    Invoce amount in usd is 19528 dollar Invoice value cif inr is 1374771.20 freight is 44000 and insurance 1279 rs what is the assessable value please forward in mail

    1. Admin (IndianCustoms.Info)

      Mr. Kiran Kumar,

      CIF value means “Cost, Insurance, Freight“.
      In this case, You already have CIF value,
      CIF value is your assessable value.

  3. naveen


    1. Admin (IndianCustoms.Info)

      Your clearing agent may use 20% of freight instead of the actual freight at the time of B.E filing.

  4. Sambhav Jain

    Dear Sir,
    if i received a quotation in FOB value then how can i considered the value of ocean/air freight and insurance value.
    Freight 20% of FOB value and insurance 1.125% is thumb rule or it is valid for calculate CIF value.

    1. Admin (IndianCustoms.Info)

      If you get FOB value and want to calculate CIF value then you need to consider freight as 20% of FOB value and Insurance as 1.125% of FOB value.

      1. Sambhav Jain

        Thanks a lot sir for your reply.
        Sir, if calculate the price of CIF from FOB then from where i can get the custom dust of Import country.

      2. ravi trivedi

        Dear Admin can you please share the notification or rule , in that its mention to add or calculate insurance and freight as 1.125% and 20c% freight ..

      3. Shameem

        Is it kind of fixed formula to get CIF value? Can we use all the time to calculate?

  5. Ikechukwu

    Please what is the resent price of CIF for India

  6. A Sikdar

    Sir, Many times it is seen that there is substantial difference in actual import turnover data and data available with Income Tax Authority (as submitted by the CBEC under information sharing protocol). In one of my friends case, total import purchase is 3.62 crore, but data available with Income Tax Department-India shows that total invoice value is Rs.9.57 crore and assessable value post assessment is Rs. 57 Lakhs. IT authorities are asking repeated clarification on this point. He is in a fix how to clear this. Can you please elaborate on this? Thanking you in advance.

    1. Hi A Sikadar,

      MAny time the assessable value is different them your CIF value, It’s because your actual freight is more than 20% of the Invoice value.

  7. Ponraj

    Hi sir,
    I am very new to this industry.You have explained well such a way any new commer like me learn easily.
    But I have a doubt.
    What is FOB value ?
    Who will give the Fob value ?
    What’s the present custom duty for plastic products?

    Thank you sir.

    1. Hi Ponraj,

      FOB value means the value before adding Freight and Insurance charges. The standard duty of Plastic products is BCD: 15%, SWS: 10%, IGST: 18% this duty structure may be change according to your product.

  8. Wap

    Hello sir,
    I want to buy a product so for custom charges the actual value of the product will be taken or the discounted price with which I bought?
    Thank you

  9. Girish jain

    Dear Sir
    if freight amount is 10000 basic+20% fuel surcharge(2000)+18% GST( 2160) then what value to be mentioned in BOE? either 12000(10000+2000) or 14160? as fedex put 14160 while dhl consider 12000 . what is actual concept.
    as per my it should be only 12000 bcoz gst is tax & already in BOE there is GST on duty amount so it cant considered GST on GST.
    & by this method BCD amount varies.
    so please clear this concept. if there is any proof please publish.

    1. Hi Girish Jain,

      At the time of customs clearance, CHA must enter the full value of freight mentioned in the freight certificate, it does not matter that value includes IGST or not.

  10. Naga

    I am trying to import goods from overseas
    I have an offer with CIF, that means I have to pay customs against CIF ?
    Is there any way We can exclude Freight and Insurance from Customs duty while importing as CIF?

    1. Hi Naga,

      Freight and Insurance already include in CIF value, So, you need to pay customs duty on freight & insurance. there is no option to avoid it.

  11. Murugaiyan S

    Respected Sir/ Madam,
    I would like to clear my doubt in the Accounting scenario of Import of Goods. While booking the import of goods in the accounts book normally we credit the vendor (Foreign supplier) and debit the purchase in the INR value (INR calculating on basis of the exchange rate mentioned in the BE). Similarly, at the time of payment make to vendor, we debit the vendor and and credit the bank account (The amount mentioned in the bank statement, which has been considered as the payment in INR). The difference between the Purchase value and payment considered as exchange rate difference and accounting either the income or expenses in the profit and loss A/c.

    Here, my doubt is, during the calculation of Purchase value whether I need to include the Freight and insurance amount which have been mentioned in the BE. As you mentioned in the earlier message in the trail about the Assessable value (CIF), If I book the purchase value including freight and insurance then the cost of purchase will increase and automatically the difference will increase between the payment and the vendor Invoice value.

    For examble: Vendor Inv. Value is 1000 USD and valued with exchange rate as mentioned in the BE is Rs.73/- Hence the purchase value is Rs.73000/- While paying the 1000 USD the exchange rate is 72/- So, we pay Rs.72000/- Difference Rs.1000/- Considered as indirect income. This is a entry we are following in the normal case without freight and Insurance.

    Incase the freight and Insurance mentioned in the BE, and duty calculated on the assessable value, then How we need to account this entry. Please clarify my boubt and thanks in advance.

    1. Hi Murugaiyan S,

      I’m not an accounting expert, I think you need to check with any other person who is an expert in the account. I’m very sorry……..

  12. Venkatesh

    Does packing charges given in indian currency added to assessable value?

  13. Vinod

    Please advise, freight amount will be mention in bill of entry with gst or without gst

    1. Hi Vinod,

      I really appreciate the question you asked, it’s a very interesting question that everyone must know.

      Freight amount should be mentioned in the bill of entry without GST.

  14. A.S

    HI Admin, You have been very kind in answering
    I ordered something and it got delivered
    Product Cost 399 USD and Air Courier Cost 64USD both given to the exporter
    Incoterm DAP
    My CBEXIII Form D was filed only for 399 USD as accessible value and not 399+64USD

    Is this correct? or a mistake by Courier Company?
    How can I get this corrected as I feel if this is a mistake, i have paid lesser duty.

  15. dealsauto41

    Informative post! This is a great share thank you

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