What Is HSN Code? | Meaning Of HSN Code

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If you want to know the meaning of HSN code and why it’s important.

You are on the right page!

This article will help you to understand what is HSN code. Here I explained what HSN numbers are in 2-digit, 4 digits, and 6 digits numbers.

Hello, friends welcome to another fresh article on “Indiancustoms.info”, Here in this article I explained the meaning of HSN code and why it is important in import-export and GST.

If you are an importer/exporter or businessman, you need to understand what is HSN number is and how the wrong HSN number will impact your business.

All goods and services come under the HSN number, If you classify goods or services under the wrong HSN number, It impacts your business directly.

So, every businessman needs to understand the importance of HSN number and how it works for their business.

Now let’s take a look at what is HSN code or what is the meaning of HSN code.

What Is HSN code?

What Is HSN code?

The full form of HSN is Harmonized System Nomenclature, HSN number is used for the classification of goods and services.

HSN is also known as HS code, CTH, ITC HS code, etc…

The Harmonized System Nomenclature (HSN) code is used worldwide to classify goods for taxation purposes.

The HSN number for each commodity is accepted by most countries and the said HSN number remains the same for almost all goods.

However, the HSN number used in some of the countries varies little, based on the nature of the goods classified.

In India, HSN codes are used for customs clearance of imports and export shipments.

With help of HSN, it’s easy to identify the classification of goods and collect customs duties and other taxes from importers, and exporters also claimed drawbacks and other incentive schemes.

After the implementation of GST ( Goods and Service Tax ) in India, HSN codes are also used for GST purposes, and the same classification code (HSN) is adopted for classifying Goods and Service Tax (GST).

Now in India HSN number is also used to classify goods to compute the value-added tax. It’s mandatory to mention the HSN number when preparing a Tax Invoice for GST.

How Many Digits Used In HSN code?

There is a total of 21 sections of HSN numbers are used to classify products, These 21 sections of HSN code are sub-classified into 99 chapters.

Each chapter is a two-digit HSN number which is known as a chapter heading and each two-digit HSN code is classified into 4 digit HSN codes which are known as sub-headings.

Based on such 4 digit HSN number, the sub-classification is done as 6 digit HSN number.

Worldwide most countries are using 6-digit HSN numbers to classify goods, but some countries additionally add 2 digits in the last part of such HSN number and it will become an 8-digit HSN number.

I hope now you understand HSN numbers are mainly used for taxation purposes, especially for the import and export of goods.

In India, 6-digit HSN numbers are used for export and import.

List Of Indian HSN Code or ITC HS code or CTH.

List Of Indian HSN Code or ITC HS Code or CTH.

HSN code are divided into 21 section and 98 chapters, each section contains different chapters and each chapter contain different products.

Section I


  1. Any reference in this Section to a particular genus or species of an animal, except where the context otherwise requires, includes a reference to the young of that genus or species.
  2. Except where the context otherwise requires, throughout this Schedule, any reference to “dried products also covers products that have been dehydrated, evaporated, or freeze-dried.

Chapter 1 to 5 contains a list of HSN codes for Live Animals; Animal Products.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 01Live Animals
Chapter 02Meat and edible meat offal
Chapter 03Fish and crustaceans, mollusks, and other aquatic invertebrates.
Chapter 04Dairy produce; birds’ eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included.
Chapter 05Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included.

Section II


In this Section, the term “pellets” means products that have been agglomerated either directly by compression or by the addition of a binder in a proportion not exceeding 3 (percent) by weight.

Chapter 6 to 14 contains a list of HSN codes for Vegetable Products.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 06Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots, and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage
Chapter 07Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers
Chapter 08Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruits or melons.
Chapter 09Coffee, tea, mate, and spices
Chapter 10Cereals
Chapter 11Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten.
Chapter 12Oilseeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds, and fruit; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder.
Chapter 13Lac; gums, resins, and other vegetable saps and extracts.
Chapter 14Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included.

Section III

Chapter 15 contains a list of HSN codes for Animal or Vegetable Fats and Oils and their cleavage products; Prepared Edible Fats; animal or vegetable waxes.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 15Animal or vegetable fats and oil and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes.

Section 4

Chapter 16 to 24 contains a list of HSN codes for Prepared Foodstuffs; Beverages, Spirits, and Vinegar; Tobacco, and Manufactured tobacco substitutes.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 16Preparation of meat, fish, or crustaceans, mollusks, or other aquatic invertebrates.
Chapter 17Sugars and sugar confectionery.
Chapter 18Cocoa and cocoa preparations
Chapter 19Preparations of cereals, flour, starch, or milk; pastry cooks’ products.
Chapter 20Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants.
Chapter 21Miscellaneous edible preparations
Chapter 22Beverages, spirits, and vinegar.
Chapter 23Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal fodder.
Chapter 24Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes.

Section 5

Chapter 25 to 27 contains a list of HSN codes for Mineral Products.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 25Salt; sulfur, earth, and stones; plastering materials, lime, and cement
Chapter 26Ores, slag, and ash
Chapter 27Mineral fuels, mineral oils, and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes.

Section VI

Chapter 28 to 38 contains a list of HSN codes for Products of the Chemicals or Allied Industries.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 28Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals, of radioactive elements, or isotopes
Chapter 29Organic chemicals
Chapter 30Pharmaceutical products
Chapter 31Fertilizers
Chapter 32Tanning or dyeing extracts; tannins and their derivatives; dyes, pigments, and other coloring matter, paints and varnishes; putty and other mastics; inks.
Chapter 33Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic, or toilet preparations.
Chapter 34Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles, and similar articles, modeling pastes, “dental waxes” and dental preparations with a basis
Chapter 35Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes.
Chapter 36Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations.
Chapter 37Photographic or cinematographic goods.
Chapter 38Miscellaneous chemical products.

Section VII

Chapters 39 and 40 contain a list of HSN codes for Plastics and Articles thereof; Rubber and Articles Thereof.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 39Plastics and articles thereof
Chapter 40Rubber and articles thereof

Section VIII

Chapter 41 to 43 contains a list of HSN codes for Raw Hides and Skins, Leather, Furskins and Articles thereof; saddlery and Harness; travel goods, Handbags, and similar Containers; Articles of animal gut (other than silk-worm Gut).

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 41Raw hides and skins (other than fur skins) and leather.
Chapter 42Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags, and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut)
Chapter 43Furskins and artificial fur, manufacturers thereof

Section IX

Chapter 44 to 46 contains a list of HSN codes for Wood and Articles of Wood; Wood Charcoal; cork and articles or cork; Manufactures of Straw, of Esparto or other Plaiting Materials; Basketware and Wickerwork.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 44Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal
Chapter 45Cork and articles of cork
Chapter 46Manufactures of straw, of esparto, or of other plaiting materials; basket-ware and wickerwork.

Section X

Chapter 47 to 49 contains a list of HSN codes for Pulp of wood or of other Fibrous Cellulosic Material; Recovered (Waste and Scrap) Paper or Paperboard; Paper And Paperboard and articles thereof.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 47The pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; recovered (waste and scrap) paper or paperboard.
Chapter 48Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper, or of paperboard.
Chapter 49Printed books, newspapers, pictures, and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts, and plans.

Section XI

Chapter 50 to 63 contains a list of HSN codes for Textile and Textile Articles.

Chapters 50 to 60 mainly cover Yarn, fabrics, and materials used to manufacture garments and related articles.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 50Silk
Chapter 51Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric
Chapter 52Cotton
Chapter 53Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabrics of paper yarn.
Chapter 54Man-made filaments
Chapter 55Man-made staple fibers.
Chapter 56Wadding felt and nonwovens; special yarns; twine, cordage, ropes and cables, and articles thereof.
Chapter 57Carpets and other textile floor coverings.
Chapter 58Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace; tapestries; trimmings; embroidery.
Chapter 59Impregnated, coated, covered, or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use.
Chapter 60Knitted or crocheted fabrics

Chapters 61 to 63 cover the garments and products manufactured from chapters 50 to 60.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 61Articles of apparel and clothing accessories knitted or crocheted.
Chapter 62Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted.
Chapter 63Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags.

Section XII

Chapter 64 to 67 contains a list of HSN codes for Footwear, Headgear, Umbrellas, Sun Umbrellas, Walking-sticks, seat-sticks, whips, Riding-crops, and Parts thereof; Prepared Feathers and articles Made therewith; artificial Flowers; Articles of Human Hair.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 64Footwear, gaiters, and the like; parts of such articles.
Chapter 65Headgear and parts thereof.
Chapter 66Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seat-sticks, whips, riding-crops, and parts thereof.
Chapter 67Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair.

Section XIII

Chapter 68 to 70 contains a list of HSN codes for Articles of Stone, Plaster, Cement, Asbestos, Mica or similar Materials; Ceramic Products; Glass and Glassware.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 68Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica, or similar materials.
Chapter 69Ceramic products.
Chapter 70Glass and glassware.

Section XIV

Chapter 71 is for Natural or Cultured Pearls, Precious or Semi-Precious Stones, Precious Metals, Metals clad with Precious Metal, and articles thereof; Imitation Jewellery; Coin.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 71Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin.

Section XV

Chapter 72 to 83 contains a list of HSN codes for Base Metals and Articles of Base Metal.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 72Iron and steel
Chapter 73Articles of iron or steel
Chapter 74Copper and articles thereof
Chapter 75Nickel and articles thereof
Chapter 76Aluminum and articles thereof
Chapter 77(Reserved for possible future use)
Chapter 78Lead and articles thereof
Chapter 79Zinc and articles thereof
Chapter 80Tin and articles thereof
Chapter 81Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof
Chapter 82Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons, and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal
Chapter 83Miscellaneous articles of base metal

Section XVI

Chapter 84 to 85 contains a list of HSN codes for Machinery and Mechanical Appliances; Electrical Equipment; Parts thereof; sound Recorders and Reproducers, Television Image and Sound Recorders and reproducers, Television Image and sound Recorders and Reproducers, and Par.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 84Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery, and mechanical appliances; parts thereof.
Chapter 85Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles.

Section XVII

Chapter 86 to 89 contains a list of HSN codes for Vehicles, Aircraft, Vessels, and Associated Transport Equipment.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 86Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signaling equipment of all kinds.
Chapter 87Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof.
Chapter 88Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof.
Chapter 89Ships, boats, and floating structures

Section XVIII

90 to 92 contains a list of HSN codes for Optical, Photographic, Cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments, and apparatus; clocks and watches; musical instruments; part and accessories thereof.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 90Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments, and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof.
Chapter 91Clocks and watches and parts thereof.
Chapter 92Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles.

Section XIX

Chapter 93 is for Arms and Ammunition; Parts and Accessories thereof.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 93Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof.

Section XX

Chapter 94 to 96 contains a list of HSN codes for Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 94Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions, and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated signs, illuminated name-plates, and the like; prefabricated buildings.
Chapter 95Toys, games, and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof.
Chapter 96Miscellaneous manufactured articles.

Section XXI

Chapter 97 and 98 contain a list of HSN codes for Works of art, Collectors’ Pieces, and Antiques.

ChaptersChapter Description
Chapter 97Works of art, collectors’ pieces, and antiques
Chapter 98Project imports, Laboratory chemicals, passenger’s baggage, personal importation by air or post; ship stores.

I hope you understand what is the meaning of the HSN code and what it important for businessmen. If anyone has any suggestions or queries please comment in the comment box.

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